Dental implants are a popular and effective solution for replacing missing teeth. They are surgically placed into the jawbone and provide a stable foundation for dental restorations, such as crowns, bridges, or dentures. Several types of dental implants are available, each with its own characteristics and uses. Speak to your dentist about the choices below.
Endosteal implants are the most used type of dental implant. They are typically made of titanium and are shaped like small screws or cylinders. These implants are placed directly into the jawbone through a surgical procedure. Once the implant integrates with the bone (osseointegration), it provides a stable base for attaching prosthetic teeth.
Subperiosteal implants are an alternative to endosteal implants. They consist of a metal frame that is placed on top of the jawbone but underneath the gum tissue. The frame contains posts that protrude through the gums, allowing dental restorations to be attached. Subperiosteal implants are best for those who have a shallow jawbone and cannot undergo bone grafting procedures.
All-on-4 implants, also known as full arch implants, are designed to support a complete arch of teeth (upper or lower jaw) with just four strategically placed implants. This technique is beneficial for patients who have lost most or all their teeth and want a fixed implant-supported denture.
Zygomatic implants are longer implants that are anchored in the cheekbone (zygoma) instead of the jawbone. These implants are used when there is significant bone loss in the upper jaw, and traditional implants cannot be placed. By anchoring in the cheekbone, zygomatic implants provide a stable foundation for dental restorations.
Mini implants are smaller in diameter compared to standard implants. They are often used to support smaller restorations, such as single-tooth replacements, and are suitable for patients with limited bone density or who have insufficient space for larger implants. Mini implants can also be used to stabilize dentures, providing increased retention and stability.
Immediate Load Implants
Immediate load implants, also known as same-day implants or teeth-in-a-day, allow for the placement of a temporary dental restoration on the implant immediately after surgery. This technique eliminates the waiting time between implant placement and receiving the final restoration.
The choice of dental implant type depends on various factors, including the patient's oral health, bone structure, treatment goals, and the recommendations of the dentist. A thorough examination and consultation with a dentist are necessary to determine the most suitable type of dental implant for each individual case.